The differential demand for indirect rule: Evidence from the North Caucasus

David Siroky, Valeriy Dzutsev, Michael Hechter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Indirect rule is one of the means that central authorities have long employed in hopes of defusing communal conflict and civil war in multicultural societies. Yet very little is known about the appeal of indirect rule among the ruled themselves. Why do people in some places demand more indirect rule and local autonomy, whereas others seem content to be governed directly by rulers of an alien culture? This is a crucial question with important implications for determining the form of governance that is most likely to provide social order in culturally heterogeneous societies. Although much attention has been given to consider the relative costs and benefits of direct versus indirect rule for the central authorities, the other side of the coin-namely, the variable demand for indirect rule among the members of distinctive cultural groups-has hardly been examined with systematic empirical data. This paper presents a theory of the differential demand for indirect rule and offers an initial test of its principal empirical implications using original micro-level data from the North Caucasus region of Russia. The theory's core claim is that the middle class should express the greatest demand for indirect rule, while both the upper and lower classes should prefer more direct rule. The theory therefore predicts that there will be an inverse parabolic relationship between the demand for indirect rule and economic class. The findings are largely consistent with these theoretical expectations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)268-286
Number of pages19
JournalPost-Soviet Affairs
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2013

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demand
evidence
Caucasus region
upper class
lower class
social order
micro level
multicultural society
civil war
middle class
appeal
Russia
autonomy
governance
costs
society
economics
Group
Authority
Multicultural societies

Keywords

  • decentralization
  • ethnic conflict
  • indirect rule
  • nationalism
  • the middle class

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

The differential demand for indirect rule : Evidence from the North Caucasus. / Siroky, David; Dzutsev, Valeriy; Hechter, Michael.

In: Post-Soviet Affairs, Vol. 29, No. 3, 01.05.2013, p. 268-286.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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