The development of prosociality from adolescence to early adulthood

The role of effortful control

Bernadette P. Luengo Kanacri, Concetta Pastorelli, Nancy Eisenberg, Antonio Zuffianò, Gian Vittorio Caprara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The present longitudinal study examined the development of self-reported prosociality (i.e., the tendency to enact prosocial behaviors) from adolescence to early adulthood and its prediction from teacher-reported effortful control (i.e., dispositional regulation) at age 13. Method: Participants were 573 (276 girls) Italian adolescents aged approximately 13 (M=12.98, SD=0.80) at the first assessment and 21 (M=21.23, SD=0.67) at the last assessment. The study used three different cohorts recruited across ten years (from1994 to 2004) from a larger longitudinal project with a multiple-cohort design. Results: Latent growth curve modeling indicated that the overall level of prosociality declined until approximately age 17 with a subsequent slight rebound until age 21. Significant inter-individual variability in developmental trends of prosociality in males and females was observed. Youths' effortful control was related to a lesser decline of prosociality in adolescence. Conclusions: Being able to regulate one's own emotions and behaviors in early adolescence may not only affect the tendency to behave prosocially, but also counter the self-centered tendencies observed across this phase of development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)302-312
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Personality
Volume81
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013

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Longitudinal Studies
Emotions
Growth

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Early adulthood
  • Effortful control
  • Individual differences
  • Longitudinal analysis
  • Prosocial behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

Cite this

The development of prosociality from adolescence to early adulthood : The role of effortful control. / Luengo Kanacri, Bernadette P.; Pastorelli, Concetta; Eisenberg, Nancy; Zuffianò, Antonio; Caprara, Gian Vittorio.

In: Journal of Personality, Vol. 81, No. 3, 06.2013, p. 302-312.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Luengo Kanacri, Bernadette P. ; Pastorelli, Concetta ; Eisenberg, Nancy ; Zuffianò, Antonio ; Caprara, Gian Vittorio. / The development of prosociality from adolescence to early adulthood : The role of effortful control. In: Journal of Personality. 2013 ; Vol. 81, No. 3. pp. 302-312.
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