The development and resulting performance impact of positive psychological capital

Fred Luthans, James B. Avey, Bruce J. Avolio, Suzanne Peterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

394 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, theory and research have supported psychological capital (PsyCap) as an emerging core construct linked to positive outcomes at the individual and organizational level. However, to date, little attention has been given to PsyCap development through training interventions; nor have there been attempts to determine empirically if such PsyCap development has a causal impact on participants' performance. To fill these gaps we first conducted a pilot test of the PsyCap intervention (PCI) model with a randomized control group design. Next, we conducted a follow-up study with a cross section of practicing managers to determine if following the training guidelines of the PCI caused the participants' performance to improve. Results provide beginning empirical evidence that short training interventions such as PCI not only may be used to develop participants' psychological capital, but can also lead to an improvement in their on-the-job performance. The implications these findings have for human resource development and performance management conclude the article.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-67
Number of pages27
JournalHuman Resource Development Quarterly
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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