The development and preliminary validation of a brief measure of chronic pain impact for use in the general population

Linda S. Ruehlman, Paul Karoly, Craig Newton, Leona S. Aiken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

From a biopsychosocial perspective, assessing chronic pain's psychological impact should involve at minimum the measurement of pain severity, functional interference, and pain-related emotional burden. This article details the development of a brief instrument, the 15-item Profile of Chronic Pain: Screen (PCP:S), designed to address these three key elements in a national (US) sample of over 2400 individuals recruited via random digit dialing. Retest reliability, internal consistency, and preliminary validity were excellent. The scales also demonstrated minimal social desirability response bias. A series of confirmatory factor analyses on several distinct samples revealed a stable, 3-factor solution reflecting pain severity, interference, and emotional burden. Finally, national norms were developed by gender and three age groups. In view of its strong psychometric properties, the PCP:S has the potential to serve as a brief, cost-effective assessment tool for identifying individuals whose chronic pain merits more detailed psychosocial evaluation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-90
Number of pages9
JournalPain
Volume113
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2005

Fingerprint

Chronic Pain
Population
Social Desirability
Pain
Pain Measurement
Psychometrics
Statistical Factor Analysis
Age Groups
Psychology
Costs and Cost Analysis

Keywords

  • Brief screening
  • Chronic pain
  • Emotional burden
  • Pain interference
  • Pain severity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

The development and preliminary validation of a brief measure of chronic pain impact for use in the general population. / Ruehlman, Linda S.; Karoly, Paul; Newton, Craig; Aiken, Leona S.

In: Pain, Vol. 113, No. 1-2, 01.2005, p. 82-90.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ruehlman, Linda S. ; Karoly, Paul ; Newton, Craig ; Aiken, Leona S. / The development and preliminary validation of a brief measure of chronic pain impact for use in the general population. In: Pain. 2005 ; Vol. 113, No. 1-2. pp. 82-90.
@article{6a459eb03d17485c9b938bb736ace5cd,
title = "The development and preliminary validation of a brief measure of chronic pain impact for use in the general population",
abstract = "From a biopsychosocial perspective, assessing chronic pain's psychological impact should involve at minimum the measurement of pain severity, functional interference, and pain-related emotional burden. This article details the development of a brief instrument, the 15-item Profile of Chronic Pain: Screen (PCP:S), designed to address these three key elements in a national (US) sample of over 2400 individuals recruited via random digit dialing. Retest reliability, internal consistency, and preliminary validity were excellent. The scales also demonstrated minimal social desirability response bias. A series of confirmatory factor analyses on several distinct samples revealed a stable, 3-factor solution reflecting pain severity, interference, and emotional burden. Finally, national norms were developed by gender and three age groups. In view of its strong psychometric properties, the PCP:S has the potential to serve as a brief, cost-effective assessment tool for identifying individuals whose chronic pain merits more detailed psychosocial evaluation.",
keywords = "Brief screening, Chronic pain, Emotional burden, Pain interference, Pain severity",
author = "Ruehlman, {Linda S.} and Paul Karoly and Craig Newton and Aiken, {Leona S.}",
year = "2005",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.pain.2004.09.037",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "113",
pages = "82--90",
journal = "Pain",
issn = "0304-3959",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The development and preliminary validation of a brief measure of chronic pain impact for use in the general population

AU - Ruehlman, Linda S.

AU - Karoly, Paul

AU - Newton, Craig

AU - Aiken, Leona S.

PY - 2005/1

Y1 - 2005/1

N2 - From a biopsychosocial perspective, assessing chronic pain's psychological impact should involve at minimum the measurement of pain severity, functional interference, and pain-related emotional burden. This article details the development of a brief instrument, the 15-item Profile of Chronic Pain: Screen (PCP:S), designed to address these three key elements in a national (US) sample of over 2400 individuals recruited via random digit dialing. Retest reliability, internal consistency, and preliminary validity were excellent. The scales also demonstrated minimal social desirability response bias. A series of confirmatory factor analyses on several distinct samples revealed a stable, 3-factor solution reflecting pain severity, interference, and emotional burden. Finally, national norms were developed by gender and three age groups. In view of its strong psychometric properties, the PCP:S has the potential to serve as a brief, cost-effective assessment tool for identifying individuals whose chronic pain merits more detailed psychosocial evaluation.

AB - From a biopsychosocial perspective, assessing chronic pain's psychological impact should involve at minimum the measurement of pain severity, functional interference, and pain-related emotional burden. This article details the development of a brief instrument, the 15-item Profile of Chronic Pain: Screen (PCP:S), designed to address these three key elements in a national (US) sample of over 2400 individuals recruited via random digit dialing. Retest reliability, internal consistency, and preliminary validity were excellent. The scales also demonstrated minimal social desirability response bias. A series of confirmatory factor analyses on several distinct samples revealed a stable, 3-factor solution reflecting pain severity, interference, and emotional burden. Finally, national norms were developed by gender and three age groups. In view of its strong psychometric properties, the PCP:S has the potential to serve as a brief, cost-effective assessment tool for identifying individuals whose chronic pain merits more detailed psychosocial evaluation.

KW - Brief screening

KW - Chronic pain

KW - Emotional burden

KW - Pain interference

KW - Pain severity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=11144289034&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=11144289034&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.pain.2004.09.037

DO - 10.1016/j.pain.2004.09.037

M3 - Article

C2 - 15621367

AN - SCOPUS:11144289034

VL - 113

SP - 82

EP - 90

JO - Pain

JF - Pain

SN - 0304-3959

IS - 1-2

ER -