The cytoplasmic microtubule array in Neurospora crassa depends on microtubule-organizing centers at spindle pole bodies and microtubule +end-depending pseudo-MTOCs at septa

Rosa Ramírez-Cota, Astrid N. Espino-Vazquez, Tonacy C. Rodriguez-Vega, Rocío E. Macias-Díaz, Olga A. Callejas-Negrete, Michael Freitag, Reinhard Fischer, Robert W. Roberson, Rosa R. Mouriño-Pérez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

γ-Tubulin ring complexes (γ-TuRC) mediate nucleation and anchorage of microtubules (MTs) to microtubule organizing centers (MTOCs). In fungi, the spindle pole body (SPB) is the functional equivalent of the centrosome, which is the main MTOC. In addition, non-centrosomal MTOCs (ncMTOCs) contribute to MT formation in some fungi like Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Aspergillus nidulans. In A. nidulans, MTOCs are anchored at septa (sMTOC) and share components of the outer plaque of the SPB. Here we show that the Neurospora crassa SPB is embedded in the nuclear envelope, with the γ-TuRC targeting proteins PCP-1Pcp1/PcpA located at the inner plaque and APS-2Mto1/ApsB located at the outer plaque of the SPB. PCP-1 was a specific component of nuclear MTOCs, while APS-2 was also present at the septal pore. Although γ-tubulin was only detected at the nucleus, spontaneous MT nucleation occurred in the apical and subapical cytoplasm during recovery from benomyl-induced MT depolymerization experiments. There was no evidence for MT nucleation at septa. However, without benomyl treatment MT plus-ends were organized in the septal pore through MTB-3EB1. Those septal MT plus ends polymerized MTs from septa in interphase cells Thus we conclude that the SPB is the only MT nucleation site in N. crassa, but the septal pore aids the MT network arrangement through the anchorage of the MT plus-ends through a pseudo-MTOC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103729
JournalFungal Genetics and Biology
Volume162
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Aps-2
  • MTB-3
  • MTOCs
  • Microtubules
  • Neurospora crassa
  • PCP-1
  • SPA-18
  • SPA10
  • Spindle pole bodies
  • γ-Tubulin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Genetics

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