The Cross versus the Crescent: Karl Kumm’s Missiology

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article surveys the missiology promoted in the writings of the Protestant missionary Karl Kumm during the first decades of the twentieth century. Kumm was famous as a missionary explorer. He was the first European to successfully cross the region known as the Sudan, from the Niger bend to the Nile. He was also notable because he founded two different missions in two different places in Africa, both aimed at evangelizing the peoples of the Sudan. Lastly, Kumm was significant for having constructed in his various writings a highly influential case against the evangelization of Muslims and for the evangelization of traditionalist people. Kumm, his ideas and actions helped shape government policy towards Christian missions and Christian–Muslim relations in colonial Northern Nigeria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalIslam and Christian-Muslim Relations
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

missionary
Sudan
Niger
government policy
Nigeria
Muslim
twentieth century
Missionaries
Missiology
Evangelization
Nile
Colonies
Africa
Northern Nigeria
Government Policy
Muslims
Christian Mission
Traditionalist

Keywords

  • British evangelicals
  • indirect rule
  • Northern Nigeria
  • pilgrimage
  • Sinussi
  • slave-raiding
  • Sudan
  • Sudan United Mission
  • the Cross versus the Crescent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Religious studies
  • Political Science and International Relations

Cite this

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