The contribution of participant, treatment, and outcome factors to treatment satisfaction

Souraya Sidani, Dana Epstein, Mary Fox, Laura Collins

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Treatment satisfaction, which refers to the positive appraisal of process and outcome attributes of a treatment, is a prominent indicator of quality care. Although it is known that participant, treatment, and outcome factors influence treatment satisfaction, it remains unclear which factors contribute to satisfaction with each process and outcome attribute. In this study, we examined the extent to which participant (age, gender, education, race, employment), treatment (type of therapy, method of assignment to therapy), and outcome (self-reported improvement in outcome) factors contribute to satisfaction with the process and outcome attributes of therapies for insomnia. This study consists of a secondary analysis of data obtained from a partially randomized preference trial in which persons with chronic insomnia (N = 517) were assigned to treatment randomly or by preference. Four types of behavioral therapies were included: sleep hygiene, stimulus control therapy, sleep restriction therapy, and multi-component therapy. Self-reported improvement in insomnia and satisfaction were assessed with validated measures at post-test. Multiple regression analysis was used to examine which factors influenced satisfaction with each treatment attribute. The findings showed that treatment and outcome, more so than participant, factors influenced satisfaction with the process and outcome attributes of the behavioral therapies for insomnia. Future research on satisfaction should explore the contribution of treatment (type and preference-matching) and outcome factors on satisfaction to build a better understanding of treatment attributes viewed favorably. Such understanding has the potential to inform modifying or tailoring treatments to improve their acceptance to participants and optimize their effectiveness.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)572-582
    Number of pages11
    JournalResearch in Nursing and Health
    Volume41
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

    Keywords

    • behavioral therapies
    • method of assignment
    • outcome factor
    • participant factors
    • satisfaction with treatment
    • treatment factors

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nursing(all)

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The contribution of participant, treatment, and outcome factors to treatment satisfaction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this