The Clementine bistatic radar experiment

S. Nozette, C. L. Lichtenberg, P. Spudis, R. Bonner, W. Ort, E. Malaret, Mark Robinson, E. M. Shoemaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

261 Scopus citations


During the Clementine 1 mission, a bistatic radar experiment measured the magnitude and polarization of the radar echo versus bistatic angle, β, for selected lunar areas. Observations of the lunar south pole yield a same- sense polarization enhancement around β = 0. Analysis shows that the observed enhancement is localized to the permanently shadowed regions of the lunar south pole. Radar observations of periodically solar-illuminated lunar surfaces, including the north pole, yielded no such enhancement. A probable explanation for these differences is the presence of low-loss volume scatterers, such as water ice, in the permanently shadowed region at the south pole.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1495-1498
Number of pages4
Issue number5292
Publication statusPublished - Nov 29 1996
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Nozette, S., Lichtenberg, C. L., Spudis, P., Bonner, R., Ort, W., Malaret, E., ... Shoemaker, E. M. (1996). The Clementine bistatic radar experiment. Science, 274(5292), 1495-1498.