The child behavior scale: A teacher-report measure of young children's aggressive, withdrawn, and prosocial behaviors

Gary W. Ladd, Susan Muth Profilet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

383 Scopus citations


Few instruments provide reliable, valid data on peer-behavioral indicators of risk and competence in young children. The authors developed a teacher-report measure of young children's behavior with peers at school - the Child Behavior Scale (CBS) - and evaluated its reliability and validity. Data were gathered on 2 cohorts (n = 206 per cohort) of 5- to 6-year-old children; teachers rated children on Aggressive With Peers, Prosocial With Peers, Asocial With Peers, Excluded by Peers, Anxious-Fearful, and Hyperactive-Distractible subscales twice during the school year. Scores were internally consistent, distinct, and relatively stable over time. The validation paradigm produced a network of correlations that was, overall, consistent with the hypothesized conceptual structure of the CBS. These findings replicated across cohorts and provide sufficient evidence of the reliability and validity of the CBS to recommend its use for behavioral assessment with young children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1008-1024
Number of pages17
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1996


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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