The BOOMERANG North America instrument: A balloon-borne bolometric radiometer optimized for measurements of cosmic background radiation anisotropies from 0°.3 To 4°

F. Piacentini, P. A.R. Ade, R. S. Bhatia, J. J. Bock, A. Boscaleri, P. Cardoni, B. P. Crill, P. De Bernardis, H. Del Castillo, G. De Troia, P. Farese, M. Giacometti, E. F. Hivon, V. V. Hristov, A. Iacoangeli, A. E. Lange, S. Masi, P. D. Mauskopf, L. Miglio, C. B. NetterfieldP. Palangio, E. Pascale, A. Raccanelli, S. Rao, G. Romeo, J. Ruhl, F. Scaramuzzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe the BOOMERANG North America instrument, a balloon-borne bolometric radiometer designed to map the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation with 0°.3 resolution over a significant portion of the sky. This receiver employs new technologies in bolometers, readout electronics, millimeterwave optics and filters, cryogenics, scan, and attitude reconstruction. All these subsystems are described in detail in this paper. The system has been fully calibrated in flight using a variety of techniques, which are described and compared. Using this system, we have obtained a measurement of the first peak in the CMB angular power spectrum in a single, few hour long balloon flight. The instrument described here was a prototype of the BOOMERANG Long Duration Balloon experiment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-336
Number of pages22
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume138
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Balloons
  • Cosmic microwave background
  • Cosmology: observations
  • Instrumentation: photometers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Piacentini, F., Ade, P. A. R., Bhatia, R. S., Bock, J. J., Boscaleri, A., Cardoni, P., Crill, B. P., De Bernardis, P., Del Castillo, H., De Troia, G., Farese, P., Giacometti, M., Hivon, E. F., Hristov, V. V., Iacoangeli, A., Lange, A. E., Masi, S., Mauskopf, P. D., Miglio, L., ... Scaramuzzi, F. (2002). The BOOMERANG North America instrument: A balloon-borne bolometric radiometer optimized for measurements of cosmic background radiation anisotropies from 0°.3 To 4°. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, 138(2), 315-336. https://doi.org/10.1086/324265