The Associations between Mothers’ and Grandmothers’ Depressive Symptoms, Parenting Stress, and Relationship with Children: An Actor–Partner Interdependence Mediation Model

Xinzhuo Zou, Xiuyun Lin, Yongqiang Jiang, Jinni Su, Shaozheng Qin, Zhuo Rachel Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three-generation households that include parents and grandparents raising children together have become increasingly common in China. This study examined the relations among depressive symptoms, parenting stress, and caregiver–child relationships in the mother–grandmother dyadic context. Participants were mothers and grandmothers from 136 three-generation households. Results from Actor–Partner Interdependence Mediation Modeling indicated that mothers’ depressive symptoms were indirectly related to mother–child conflict/closeness through own parenting stress; grandmothers’ depressive symptoms were indirectly related to grandmother–child conflict through own parenting stress. Mothers’ depressive symptoms were indirectly related to grandmothers’ conflict with children through grandmothers’ parenting stress, and grandmothers’ depressive symptoms were indirectly related to mothers’ conflict/closeness with children through mothers’ parenting stress. The relation between mothers’ parenting stress and mother–child closeness was stronger than the relation between grandmothers’ parenting stress and grandmother–child closeness. Findings highlight the implications of using a family system perspective and the dyadic approach in understanding and improving family functioning in Chinese three-generation households.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1755-1772
Number of pages18
JournalFamily Process
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Depressive Symptoms
  • Dyadic
  • Grandmothers
  • Parenting Stress
  • Parent–Child Relationship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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