The association of self-reported muscle-strengthening activities with carotid intima-media thickness in older adults: Cooper center longitudinal study

Joowon Lee, Baojiang Chen, Harold W. Kohl, Carolyn E. Barlow, Chong Do Lee, Nina B. Radford, Laura F. DeFina, Kelley P. Gabriel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of the current investigation was to examine the cross-sectional associations of participation in muscle-strengthening activities (MSAs) with carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) among older adults. The data are from 2,557 older adult participants enrolled in an observational cohort who reported no history of cardiovascular disease. MSA was determined using a questionnaire. Carotid ultrasound was performed to measure the CIMT of the common carotid artery bilaterally. Logistic regression models were constructed to estimate the association of MSA with CIMT after adjustment for potential confounders. The participants were aged 68.6 ± 7.0 years, and the majority were male (71.7%) and White (96.5%); 18% had abnormal CIMT. Meeting the physical activity guidelines for MSA was inversely associated with abnormal CIMT after adjustment for age and sex. However, this observed inverse relation became statistically null after further adjustment for cardiovascular disease risk factors, including aerobic physical activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)534-539
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Carotid atherosclerosis
  • Elderly
  • Physical activity guidelines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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