The association of physical activity with carotid intima media thickening in a healthy older population: Cooper center longitudinal study

Joowon Lee, Baojiang Chen, Harold W. Kohl, Carolyn E. Barlow, Chong Do Lee, Nina B. Radford, Laura F. DeFina, Kelley P. Gabriel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the association between self-reported physical activity (PA) and mean common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA IMT) among older adults. The data are from 1,811 Cooper Center Longitudinal Study participants, who were aged ≥60 years, with no history of cardiovascular disease. A medical history questionnaire was used to assess PA. Carotid ultrasound was performed to measure CCA IMT and the presence of plaque and stenosis. Logistic regression models were constructed to estimate the association between PA and CCA IMT after adjustment for covariates. The participants were aged 69.2 ± 5.9 years, and the majority were male (73.3%) and White (96.7%). The odds ratio of abnormal thickening of CCA IMT was 0.72 (95% confidence interval [0.54, 0.96]) in physically active participants (≥500 metabolic equivalent·min/week) after adjustment for covariates. In the current study, meeting PA guidelines in older adulthood was associated with lower odds of abnormal thickening of CCA IMT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)448-454
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Carotid atherosclerosis
  • Elderly
  • Exercise
  • Stroke
  • Ultrasonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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