The Association Between Home Chaos and Academic Achievement: The Moderating Role of Sleep

Rebecca H. Berger, Anjolii Diaz, Carlos Valiente, Nancy Eisenberg, Tracy L. Spinrad, Leah D. Doane, Marilyn S. Thompson, Maciel M. Hernández, Sarah K. Johns, Jody Southworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The goal of this study was to understand the role young children's sleep plays in the association between their family environment and academic achievement (AA) by examining sleep as a moderator between home chaos (chaos) and children's AA. We examined this question in a sample of 103 kindergarteners and 1st graders. In the fall, parents reported on levels of chaos in their home. To measure sleep, early in the spring, children wore actigraphs for 5 consecutive school nights. Later in the spring, children completed standardized tests of achievement. Sleep duration, but not sleep efficiency, moderated relations between chaos and AA. Specifically, children with longer sleep durations (26% of the sample), compared to children with average or lower sleep durations, had significant negative associations between chaos and achievement, indicating that children in higher chaos homes had lower academic achievement. The findings enhance scholars' understanding of the relation between chaos and AA as well as highlight an important bioregulatory factor in the association between home family environment and children's academic outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Academic achievement
  • Home chaos
  • Home environment
  • Sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

The Association Between Home Chaos and Academic Achievement : The Moderating Role of Sleep. / Berger, Rebecca H.; Diaz, Anjolii; Valiente, Carlos; Eisenberg, Nancy; Spinrad, Tracy L.; Doane, Leah D.; Thompson, Marilyn S.; Hernández, Maciel M.; Johns, Sarah K.; Southworth, Jody.

In: Journal of Family Psychology, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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