The American Islamic Community: Which Muslims are Likely to be Encouraged by Other People?

David R. Hodge, Tarek Zidan, Altaf Husain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Encouragement—or expressions of support designed to instill perseverance and hope in the face of challenging circumstances—is an important concept in the strengths perspective and a central feature of social work practice. Encouragement may be a particularly significant factor for Muslims living in post-9/11 America. Yet, little research has examined this topic despite its relevance. To address this gap in the literature, this cross-sectional study employed a community sample of Muslims (N = 274) to identify which Muslims are disproportionately likely to report receiving expressions of support from other people. The results of the logistic regression indicated that Muslims who were single, Middle Eastern, non-Sunni, and frequent Mosque attenders, were more likely to receive expressions of support compared to those who were married, European American, Sunni, and less frequent Mosque attenders. Conversely, Muslims without a 4-year college education and born aboard were less likely to receive expressions of support compared to those with a graduate degree and born in the US. The paper concludes by offering a tentative explanation for the results and suggesting some implications for practice with Muslim clients. Future researchers might build upon the findings by replicating the study with nationally representative samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Social Service Research
StateAccepted/In press - Feb 21 2018
Externally publishedYes



  • Encouragement
  • Muslims
  • Religion
  • Spirituality
  • Strengths
  • Support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

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