The acquisition of speech rhythm by bilingual spanish- and english-speaking 4- and 5-year-old children

Ferenc Bunta, David Ingram

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    39 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Purpose: In this study, the authors investigated speech rhythm acquisition by bilingual Spanish-English-speaking children, comparing their performance with functionally monolingual peers in both languages and to monolingual and bilingual adults. Method: Participants included younger children (3;9 [years;months] to 4;5.15[years;months.days]), older children (4;6.18 to 5;2), and adults (over 18 years). Twenty-six sentences were elicited and analyzed using the normalized vocalic and intervocalic Pairwise Variability Indices (PVIs) that express the level of variability in successive duration measurements, on the basis of E. Grabe and E. L. Low (2002). Results: Younger bilingual children displayed distinct speech rhythm patterns for their target languages, and they deviated from their monolingual English-speaking peers. Older bilingual children also separated speech rhythm by language, and differences between older bilingual children and their monolingual peers speaking English were also found. Younger and older bilingual children differed on the vocalic PVI, but not the intervocalic PVI, providing partial support for age differences. Bilingual adults showed separation of their languages and performed similarly to their monolingual peers. Conclusion: Bilingual children show distinct speech rhythm patterns for their target languages but with some early equal timing bias that diminishes over time, on the basis of the vocalic measurements. Overall, the vocalic PVI is more robust than the intervocalic PVI, but further research is necessary.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)999-1014
    Number of pages16
    JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
    Volume50
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Aug 1 2007

    Fingerprint

    speaking
    Language
    language
    Speech Rhythm
    age difference
    Bilingual children
    Peers
    trend
    Research
    performance

    Keywords

    • Bilingual phonology
    • English
    • Spanish
    • Speech rhythm

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Rehabilitation
    • Health Professions(all)
    • Linguistics and Language

    Cite this

    The acquisition of speech rhythm by bilingual spanish- and english-speaking 4- and 5-year-old children. / Bunta, Ferenc; Ingram, David.

    In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, Vol. 50, No. 4, 01.08.2007, p. 999-1014.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    @article{42fce19f0fd446c2b7b2a6a4d89ddeb0,
    title = "The acquisition of speech rhythm by bilingual spanish- and english-speaking 4- and 5-year-old children",
    abstract = "Purpose: In this study, the authors investigated speech rhythm acquisition by bilingual Spanish-English-speaking children, comparing their performance with functionally monolingual peers in both languages and to monolingual and bilingual adults. Method: Participants included younger children (3;9 [years;months] to 4;5.15[years;months.days]), older children (4;6.18 to 5;2), and adults (over 18 years). Twenty-six sentences were elicited and analyzed using the normalized vocalic and intervocalic Pairwise Variability Indices (PVIs) that express the level of variability in successive duration measurements, on the basis of E. Grabe and E. L. Low (2002). Results: Younger bilingual children displayed distinct speech rhythm patterns for their target languages, and they deviated from their monolingual English-speaking peers. Older bilingual children also separated speech rhythm by language, and differences between older bilingual children and their monolingual peers speaking English were also found. Younger and older bilingual children differed on the vocalic PVI, but not the intervocalic PVI, providing partial support for age differences. Bilingual adults showed separation of their languages and performed similarly to their monolingual peers. Conclusion: Bilingual children show distinct speech rhythm patterns for their target languages but with some early equal timing bias that diminishes over time, on the basis of the vocalic measurements. Overall, the vocalic PVI is more robust than the intervocalic PVI, but further research is necessary.",
    keywords = "Bilingual phonology, English, Spanish, Speech rhythm",
    author = "Ferenc Bunta and David Ingram",
    year = "2007",
    month = "8",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1044/1092-4388(2007/070)",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "50",
    pages = "999--1014",
    journal = "Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research",
    issn = "1092-4388",
    publisher = "American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)",
    number = "4",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The acquisition of speech rhythm by bilingual spanish- and english-speaking 4- and 5-year-old children

    AU - Bunta, Ferenc

    AU - Ingram, David

    PY - 2007/8/1

    Y1 - 2007/8/1

    N2 - Purpose: In this study, the authors investigated speech rhythm acquisition by bilingual Spanish-English-speaking children, comparing their performance with functionally monolingual peers in both languages and to monolingual and bilingual adults. Method: Participants included younger children (3;9 [years;months] to 4;5.15[years;months.days]), older children (4;6.18 to 5;2), and adults (over 18 years). Twenty-six sentences were elicited and analyzed using the normalized vocalic and intervocalic Pairwise Variability Indices (PVIs) that express the level of variability in successive duration measurements, on the basis of E. Grabe and E. L. Low (2002). Results: Younger bilingual children displayed distinct speech rhythm patterns for their target languages, and they deviated from their monolingual English-speaking peers. Older bilingual children also separated speech rhythm by language, and differences between older bilingual children and their monolingual peers speaking English were also found. Younger and older bilingual children differed on the vocalic PVI, but not the intervocalic PVI, providing partial support for age differences. Bilingual adults showed separation of their languages and performed similarly to their monolingual peers. Conclusion: Bilingual children show distinct speech rhythm patterns for their target languages but with some early equal timing bias that diminishes over time, on the basis of the vocalic measurements. Overall, the vocalic PVI is more robust than the intervocalic PVI, but further research is necessary.

    AB - Purpose: In this study, the authors investigated speech rhythm acquisition by bilingual Spanish-English-speaking children, comparing their performance with functionally monolingual peers in both languages and to monolingual and bilingual adults. Method: Participants included younger children (3;9 [years;months] to 4;5.15[years;months.days]), older children (4;6.18 to 5;2), and adults (over 18 years). Twenty-six sentences were elicited and analyzed using the normalized vocalic and intervocalic Pairwise Variability Indices (PVIs) that express the level of variability in successive duration measurements, on the basis of E. Grabe and E. L. Low (2002). Results: Younger bilingual children displayed distinct speech rhythm patterns for their target languages, and they deviated from their monolingual English-speaking peers. Older bilingual children also separated speech rhythm by language, and differences between older bilingual children and their monolingual peers speaking English were also found. Younger and older bilingual children differed on the vocalic PVI, but not the intervocalic PVI, providing partial support for age differences. Bilingual adults showed separation of their languages and performed similarly to their monolingual peers. Conclusion: Bilingual children show distinct speech rhythm patterns for their target languages but with some early equal timing bias that diminishes over time, on the basis of the vocalic measurements. Overall, the vocalic PVI is more robust than the intervocalic PVI, but further research is necessary.

    KW - Bilingual phonology

    KW - English

    KW - Spanish

    KW - Speech rhythm

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34548547066&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34548547066&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1044/1092-4388(2007/070)

    DO - 10.1044/1092-4388(2007/070)

    M3 - Article

    C2 - 17675601

    AN - SCOPUS:34548547066

    VL - 50

    SP - 999

    EP - 1014

    JO - Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research

    JF - Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research

    SN - 1092-4388

    IS - 4

    ER -