Tetraalkoxysilanes as slow-release substrates to promote aerobic and anaerobic dehalogenation reactions in the subsurface

Lewis Semprini, Sanjay Vancheeswaran, Seungho Yu, Min Ying Chu, Rolf Halden

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The role of tetrabutoxysilane (TBOS) and tetrakis (2-ethylbutoxy) silane (TKEBS) in promoting the biologically mediated reductive dechlorination of trichloroethylene (TCE) was studied. In groundwater microcosm tests, the transformation products of these alkoxysilanes, present in the groundwater used to construct the microcosms, promoted the microbial reductive dechlorination of TCE. TBOS and TKEBS present in the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, CA, (LLNL) Site 300 groundwater slowly hydrolyzed to 1-butanol and 2-ethoxybutanol, respectively, and silicic acid. In microcosm tests, the reduction of TCE to cis-dichloroethylene (c-DCE) was associated with hydrogen consumption as demonstrated by the repeated addition of depleted TCE. Once transformation of TCE to c-DCE was completed, hydrogen accumulated in the microcosms as a result of the slow fermentation of 2-ethylbutanol, and 2-ethylbutyric acid. The above alcohols and organic acids were also present in the filed at LLNL during periods of active anaerobic transformation of TCE to c-DCE. Groundwater monitoring data from LLNL Site 300 indicated that c-DCE is transformed in situ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
Pages350-352
Number of pages3
Volume40
Edition2
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes
Event220th ACS National Meeting - Wastington, DC, United States
Duration: Aug 20 2000Aug 24 2000

Other

Other220th ACS National Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityWastington, DC
Period8/20/008/24/00

Fingerprint

Dehalogenation
Trichloroethylene
Dichloroethylenes
Groundwater
Substrates
Silanes
Dechlorination
Hydrogen
Silicic Acid
1-Butanol
Organic acids
Fermentation
Alcohols
Acids
Monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Semprini, L., Vancheeswaran, S., Yu, S., Chu, M. Y., & Halden, R. (2000). Tetraalkoxysilanes as slow-release substrates to promote aerobic and anaerobic dehalogenation reactions in the subsurface. In ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts (2 ed., Vol. 40, pp. 350-352)

Tetraalkoxysilanes as slow-release substrates to promote aerobic and anaerobic dehalogenation reactions in the subsurface. / Semprini, Lewis; Vancheeswaran, Sanjay; Yu, Seungho; Chu, Min Ying; Halden, Rolf.

ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. Vol. 40 2. ed. 2000. p. 350-352.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Semprini, L, Vancheeswaran, S, Yu, S, Chu, MY & Halden, R 2000, Tetraalkoxysilanes as slow-release substrates to promote aerobic and anaerobic dehalogenation reactions in the subsurface. in ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. 2 edn, vol. 40, pp. 350-352, 220th ACS National Meeting, Wastington, DC, United States, 8/20/00.
Semprini L, Vancheeswaran S, Yu S, Chu MY, Halden R. Tetraalkoxysilanes as slow-release substrates to promote aerobic and anaerobic dehalogenation reactions in the subsurface. In ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. 2 ed. Vol. 40. 2000. p. 350-352
Semprini, Lewis ; Vancheeswaran, Sanjay ; Yu, Seungho ; Chu, Min Ying ; Halden, Rolf. / Tetraalkoxysilanes as slow-release substrates to promote aerobic and anaerobic dehalogenation reactions in the subsurface. ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. Vol. 40 2. ed. 2000. pp. 350-352
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