Purpose: The current study tests the shadow of sexual assault hypothesis and extends recent research by examining whether the fear of physical harm or the fear of sexual assault has a greater impact on fear of other crimes. Methods: To determine the unique interaction between gender and fear, we conduct separate analyses among men and women. Results: While fear of physical harm and fear of sexual intrusion are both predictive of fear of home invasion, robbery, and murder, fear of physical harm has a significantly greater impact across all types of fear (e.g., home invasion, robbery, murder). Conclusions: Despite previous empirical evidence that suggests fear operates differently among men and women, our findings suggest that fear of physical harm - rather than fear of sexual intrusion - is a more robust predictor of fear of crime among both men . and women.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Psychology
- Applied Psychology
- Sociology and Political Science