Testing the effectiveness of motivational interviewing as a weight reduction strategy for obese cardiac patients: A pilot study

Kathryn Graff Low, Hannah Giasson, Stephanie Connors, Deborah Freeman, Robert Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the USA and is a particular threat to those with coronary disease. Motivational interviewing (MI) is a client-centered, directive method for enhancing intrinsic motivation to change by exploring and resolving ambivalence about altering behavior. Purpose: This study examined the efficacy of MI compared to nutritional counseling for weight loss in a small sample of obese cardiac patients. Method: Participants were assigned to either MI or to nutrition counseling and followed up over 3 months. Trained undergraduate students delivered the MI intervention. Results: There were significant reductions in weight in women in the MI intervention, but not in men. Conclusion: The results suggest that MI may be effective for obese female cardiac patients, in particular, even when delivered by nonprofessional interviewers. Limitations of the study include a small sample size, nonrandomized assignment to conditions, and attrition over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-81
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiac patients
  • Motivational interviewing
  • Weight loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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