An optimization–simulation model is developed for the operation of pumps and valves in water distribution systems (WDS) requiring storage tank turnover. The purpose of the model is to determine the pump and valve operation schedules that minimize the power costs or energy used for pump operations which satisfy demand, pressure, and tank turnover requirements. The modeling approach interfaces a genetic algorithm optimization procedure with the WDS hydraulic and water quality simulator (EPANET) in the framework of an optimal control problem. The interfacing of the genetic algorithm and the EPANET model is implemented within the framework of MATLAB. The application of the optimization–simulation model to a physical water distribution system verifies the importance of such an approach for practical applications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Water Science and Technology