The observation of a neutrino burst within 3 h of the associated optical burst from supernova 1987A in the Large Magellanic Cloud provides a new test of the weak equivalence principle, by demonstrating that neutrinos and photons follow the same trajectories in the gravitational field of the galaxy. The accuracy of the test depends on the poorly known mass distribution in the outer parts of the galaxy, but is at least 0.5% and probably much better. This result provides direct evidence that the Shapiro geodesic time delay is identical, to this accuracy, for different elementary particles, independent of spin and internal quantum numbers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)