TES arrays for the short wavelength band of the SAFARI instrument on SPICA

P. Khosropanah, R. Hijmering, M. Ridder, J. R. Gao, D. Morozov, Philip Mauskopf, N. Trappe, C. O'Sullivan, A. Murphy, D. Griffin, D. Goldie, D. Glowacka, S. Withington, B. D. Jackson, M. D. Audley, G. De Lange

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

SPICA is an infra-red (IR) telescope with a cryogenically cooled mirror (∼5K) with three instruments on board, one of which is SAFARI that is an imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometer (FTS) with three bands covering the wavelength of 34-210 μm. We develop transition edge sensors (TES) array for short wavelength band (34-60 μm) of SAFARI. These are based on superconducting Ti/Au bilayer as TES bolometers with a Tc of about 105 mK and thin Ta film as IR absorbers on suspended silicon nitride (SiN) membranes. These membranes are supported by long and narrow SiN legs that act as weak thermal links between the TES and the bath. Previously an electrical noise equivalent power (NEP) of 4 × 10-19 W/√Hz was achieved for a single pixel of such detectors. As an intermediate step toward a full-size SAFARI array (43x43), we fabricated several 8x9 detector arrays. Here we describe the design and the outcome of the dark and optical tests of several of these devices. We achieved high yield (>93%) and high uniformity in terms of critical temperature (<5%) and normal resistance (7%) across the arrays. The measured dark NEPs are as low as 5 × 10-19 W/√Hz with a response time of about 1.4 ms at preferred operating bias point. The optical coupling is implemented using pyramidal horns array on the top and hemispherical cavity behind the chip that gives a measured total optical coupling efficiency of 30±7%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMillimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VI
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012
EventMillimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VI - Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: Jul 3 2012Jul 6 2012

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume8452
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Other

OtherMillimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VI
CountryNetherlands
CityAmsterdam
Period7/3/127/6/12

Keywords

  • Far infrared spectrometer
  • SAFARI
  • SPICA
  • SiN membrane
  • TES arrays
  • Transition edge sensor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Khosropanah, P., Hijmering, R., Ridder, M., Gao, J. R., Morozov, D., Mauskopf, P., Trappe, N., O'Sullivan, C., Murphy, A., Griffin, D., Goldie, D., Glowacka, D., Withington, S., Jackson, B. D., Audley, M. D., & De Lange, G. (2012). TES arrays for the short wavelength band of the SAFARI instrument on SPICA. In Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VI [845209] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 8452). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.925334