Terrestrial exposure of a fresh Martian meteorite causes rapid changes in hydrogen isotopes and water concentrations

Alice Stephant, Laurence Garvie, Prajkta Mane, Richard Hervig, Meenakshi Wadhwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Determining the hydrogen isotopic compositions and H2O contents of meteorites and their components is important for addressing key cosmochemical questions about the abundance and source(s) of water in planetary bodies. However, deconvolving the effects of terrestrial contamination from the indigenous hydrogen isotopic compositions of these extraterrestrial materials is not trivial, because chondrites and some achondrites show only small deviations from terrestrial values such that even minor contamination can mask the indigenous values. Here we assess the effects of terrestrial weathering and contamination on the hydrogen isotope ratios and H2O contents of meteoritic minerals through monitored terrestrial weathering of Tissint, a recent Martian fall. Our findings reveal the rapidity with which this weathering affects nominally anhydrous phases in extraterrestrial materials, which illustrates the necessity of sampling the interiors of even relatively fresh meteorite falls and underlines the importance of sample return missions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number12385
JournalScientific Reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

Fingerprint

Martian meteorite
hydrogen isotope
weathering
meteorite
isotopic composition
hydrogen
achondrite
chondrite
water
sampling
mineral
exposure
contamination
material
effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Terrestrial exposure of a fresh Martian meteorite causes rapid changes in hydrogen isotopes and water concentrations. / Stephant, Alice; Garvie, Laurence; Mane, Prajkta; Hervig, Richard; Wadhwa, Meenakshi.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 8, No. 1, 12385, 01.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ef46900749914f4dad533603bc98de7d,
title = "Terrestrial exposure of a fresh Martian meteorite causes rapid changes in hydrogen isotopes and water concentrations",
abstract = "Determining the hydrogen isotopic compositions and H2O contents of meteorites and their components is important for addressing key cosmochemical questions about the abundance and source(s) of water in planetary bodies. However, deconvolving the effects of terrestrial contamination from the indigenous hydrogen isotopic compositions of these extraterrestrial materials is not trivial, because chondrites and some achondrites show only small deviations from terrestrial values such that even minor contamination can mask the indigenous values. Here we assess the effects of terrestrial weathering and contamination on the hydrogen isotope ratios and H2O contents of meteoritic minerals through monitored terrestrial weathering of Tissint, a recent Martian fall. Our findings reveal the rapidity with which this weathering affects nominally anhydrous phases in extraterrestrial materials, which illustrates the necessity of sampling the interiors of even relatively fresh meteorite falls and underlines the importance of sample return missions.",
author = "Alice Stephant and Laurence Garvie and Prajkta Mane and Richard Hervig and Meenakshi Wadhwa",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-018-30807-w",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
issn = "2045-2322",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Terrestrial exposure of a fresh Martian meteorite causes rapid changes in hydrogen isotopes and water concentrations

AU - Stephant, Alice

AU - Garvie, Laurence

AU - Mane, Prajkta

AU - Hervig, Richard

AU - Wadhwa, Meenakshi

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - Determining the hydrogen isotopic compositions and H2O contents of meteorites and their components is important for addressing key cosmochemical questions about the abundance and source(s) of water in planetary bodies. However, deconvolving the effects of terrestrial contamination from the indigenous hydrogen isotopic compositions of these extraterrestrial materials is not trivial, because chondrites and some achondrites show only small deviations from terrestrial values such that even minor contamination can mask the indigenous values. Here we assess the effects of terrestrial weathering and contamination on the hydrogen isotope ratios and H2O contents of meteoritic minerals through monitored terrestrial weathering of Tissint, a recent Martian fall. Our findings reveal the rapidity with which this weathering affects nominally anhydrous phases in extraterrestrial materials, which illustrates the necessity of sampling the interiors of even relatively fresh meteorite falls and underlines the importance of sample return missions.

AB - Determining the hydrogen isotopic compositions and H2O contents of meteorites and their components is important for addressing key cosmochemical questions about the abundance and source(s) of water in planetary bodies. However, deconvolving the effects of terrestrial contamination from the indigenous hydrogen isotopic compositions of these extraterrestrial materials is not trivial, because chondrites and some achondrites show only small deviations from terrestrial values such that even minor contamination can mask the indigenous values. Here we assess the effects of terrestrial weathering and contamination on the hydrogen isotope ratios and H2O contents of meteoritic minerals through monitored terrestrial weathering of Tissint, a recent Martian fall. Our findings reveal the rapidity with which this weathering affects nominally anhydrous phases in extraterrestrial materials, which illustrates the necessity of sampling the interiors of even relatively fresh meteorite falls and underlines the importance of sample return missions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85051738633&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85051738633&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-018-30807-w

DO - 10.1038/s41598-018-30807-w

M3 - Article

VL - 8

JO - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

IS - 1

M1 - 12385

ER -