We report the synthesis and characterization of hydroxycancrinite zeolite nanorods by a simple hydrothermal treatment of aluminosilicate hydrogels at high concentrations of precursors without the use of structure-directing agents. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis reveals that cancrinite nanorods, with lengths of 200-800 nm and diameters of 30-50 nm, exhibit a hexagonal morphology and are elongated along the crystallographic c direction. The powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and TEM studies revealed sequential events of hydrogel formation, the formation of aggregated sodalite nuclei, the conversion of sodalite to cancrinite and finally the growth of cancrinite nanorods into discrete particles. The aqueous dispersion of the discrete nanorods displays a good stability between pH 6-12 with the zeta potential no greater than -30 mV. The synthesis is unique in that the initial aggregated nanocrystals do not grow into microsized particles (aggregative growth) but into discrete nanorods. Our findings demonstrate an unconventional possibility that discrete zeolite nanocrystals could be produced from a concentrated hydrogel.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)