Temperature Gradient and Curling Stresses in Concrete Pavement with and without Open-Graded Friction Course

Mark Belshe, Michael Mamlouk, Kamil Kaloush, Maria Rodezno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Curling stresses of concrete pavement can be very damaging, and reducing the temperature swings would be very beneficial. This study includes a field instrumentation effort with pavement temperature sensors to quantify the thermal behavior of concrete pavement with and without an open-graded asphalt rubber friction course. The study shows a nonlinear temperature profile across slab thickness, with a large change in temperature between day and night at the top of the concrete slab, and little change at the bottom of the slab. Adding an open-graded friction course over the concrete pavement reduces the temperature fluctuation between day and night as a result of the aeration effect, which is increased by traffic. A three-dimensional (3D) finite-element analysis with a nonlinear temperature gradient shows that adding the friction course reduces the curling stresses in the summer. Furthermore, since traffic increases the aeration effect, sections without traffic show lower effect of friction course on reducing the temperature differentials between the top and bottom of the slab.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)723-729
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Transportation Engineering
Volume137
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011

Fingerprint

Concrete pavements
Thermal gradients
Friction
traffic
Temperature
Concrete slabs
fluctuation
Temperature sensors
Asphalt
Pavements
Rubber
Finite element method

Keywords

  • Asphalt rubber
  • Curling stress
  • Friction course
  • Open-graded friction course
  • PCCP
  • Rigid pavement
  • Temperature gradient

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Transportation

Cite this

Temperature Gradient and Curling Stresses in Concrete Pavement with and without Open-Graded Friction Course. / Belshe, Mark; Mamlouk, Michael; Kaloush, Kamil; Rodezno, Maria.

In: Journal of Transportation Engineering, Vol. 137, No. 10, 01.11.2011, p. 723-729.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{616c1352717d48eab859ef69b3dd1fb9,
title = "Temperature Gradient and Curling Stresses in Concrete Pavement with and without Open-Graded Friction Course",
abstract = "Curling stresses of concrete pavement can be very damaging, and reducing the temperature swings would be very beneficial. This study includes a field instrumentation effort with pavement temperature sensors to quantify the thermal behavior of concrete pavement with and without an open-graded asphalt rubber friction course. The study shows a nonlinear temperature profile across slab thickness, with a large change in temperature between day and night at the top of the concrete slab, and little change at the bottom of the slab. Adding an open-graded friction course over the concrete pavement reduces the temperature fluctuation between day and night as a result of the aeration effect, which is increased by traffic. A three-dimensional (3D) finite-element analysis with a nonlinear temperature gradient shows that adding the friction course reduces the curling stresses in the summer. Furthermore, since traffic increases the aeration effect, sections without traffic show lower effect of friction course on reducing the temperature differentials between the top and bottom of the slab.",
keywords = "Asphalt rubber, Curling stress, Friction course, Open-graded friction course, PCCP, Rigid pavement, Temperature gradient",
author = "Mark Belshe and Michael Mamlouk and Kamil Kaloush and Maria Rodezno",
year = "2011",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1061/(ASCE)TE.1943-5436.0000254",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "137",
pages = "723--729",
journal = "Transportation engineering journal of ASCE",
issn = "0733-947X",
publisher = "American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Temperature Gradient and Curling Stresses in Concrete Pavement with and without Open-Graded Friction Course

AU - Belshe, Mark

AU - Mamlouk, Michael

AU - Kaloush, Kamil

AU - Rodezno, Maria

PY - 2011/11/1

Y1 - 2011/11/1

N2 - Curling stresses of concrete pavement can be very damaging, and reducing the temperature swings would be very beneficial. This study includes a field instrumentation effort with pavement temperature sensors to quantify the thermal behavior of concrete pavement with and without an open-graded asphalt rubber friction course. The study shows a nonlinear temperature profile across slab thickness, with a large change in temperature between day and night at the top of the concrete slab, and little change at the bottom of the slab. Adding an open-graded friction course over the concrete pavement reduces the temperature fluctuation between day and night as a result of the aeration effect, which is increased by traffic. A three-dimensional (3D) finite-element analysis with a nonlinear temperature gradient shows that adding the friction course reduces the curling stresses in the summer. Furthermore, since traffic increases the aeration effect, sections without traffic show lower effect of friction course on reducing the temperature differentials between the top and bottom of the slab.

AB - Curling stresses of concrete pavement can be very damaging, and reducing the temperature swings would be very beneficial. This study includes a field instrumentation effort with pavement temperature sensors to quantify the thermal behavior of concrete pavement with and without an open-graded asphalt rubber friction course. The study shows a nonlinear temperature profile across slab thickness, with a large change in temperature between day and night at the top of the concrete slab, and little change at the bottom of the slab. Adding an open-graded friction course over the concrete pavement reduces the temperature fluctuation between day and night as a result of the aeration effect, which is increased by traffic. A three-dimensional (3D) finite-element analysis with a nonlinear temperature gradient shows that adding the friction course reduces the curling stresses in the summer. Furthermore, since traffic increases the aeration effect, sections without traffic show lower effect of friction course on reducing the temperature differentials between the top and bottom of the slab.

KW - Asphalt rubber

KW - Curling stress

KW - Friction course

KW - Open-graded friction course

KW - PCCP

KW - Rigid pavement

KW - Temperature gradient

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80155171715&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80155171715&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1061/(ASCE)TE.1943-5436.0000254

DO - 10.1061/(ASCE)TE.1943-5436.0000254

M3 - Article

VL - 137

SP - 723

EP - 729

JO - Transportation engineering journal of ASCE

JF - Transportation engineering journal of ASCE

SN - 0733-947X

IS - 10

ER -