Team situation awareness within the context of human-autonomy teaming

Mustafa Demir, Nathan J. McNeese, Nancy Cooke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Effective team communication, a fundamental part of team coordination, is crucial for both effective Team Situation Awareness (TSA) and team performance. In this study, we looked at the role that team interaction (i.e., more specifically team verbal behaviors) played in TSA and team performance in order to better understand Human-Autonomy Teaming (HAT). We first analyzed team verbal behaviors (i.e., pushing and pulling information) across conditions of human-autonomy teams and human-human teams, and then analyzed their relationship with TSA and team performance via Growth Curve Modelling (GCM). Good teamwork involves anticipating the needs of teammates and that means pushing information before it is requested. Therefore, if things are going well, there should be little need for pulling information. In this study's task, participants were instructed to push information to others, and over time master the specific timing of information sharing to the intended recipient. Findings indicate that pushing information was positively associated with TSA and team performance, and human-autonomy teams had lower levels of both pushing and pulling information than all-human teams. Through this study, we have learned that anticipation of other team member behaviors and information requirements in human-autonomy teams are important for effective TSA and team performance. In order to make HAT more effective in terms of teamwork, we need to develop mechanisms to enhance pushing information within HAT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-12
Number of pages10
JournalCognitive Systems Research
Volume46
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Growth curve modelling
  • Human-autonomy teaming
  • Synthetic agent
  • Team cognition
  • Team situation awareness
  • Teamwork

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Artificial Intelligence

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