Tailoring the glassy mesophase range of thermotropic polyesters through copolymerization of 4,4’-bibenzoate and kinked isomer

Katherine V. Heifferon, Ryan J. Mondschein, Samantha J. Talley, Robert B. Moore, S. Richard Turner, Timothy E. Long

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The substitution of a linear biphenyl monomer with its meta isomer in liquid crystalline polyesters affords (co)polyesters with tunable liquid crystalline (LC) and thermomechanical properties. Melt transesterification afforded two (co)polyester series based on the semi-aromatic homopolymers poly(diethylene glycol 4,4′ bibenzoate) and poly(butylene 4,4′ bibenzoate) at high molecular weights. In each series, the linear dimethyl-4,4′ bibenzoate (4,4’BB) was systematically exchanged with its kinked isomer, dimethyl-3,4′ bibenzoate (3,4’BB). The incorporation of the meta isomer resulted in tunable crystalline and LC properties. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), wide angle X-ray scattering (WAXS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and polarized optical microscopy (POM) elucidated that the kinked structure of 3,4’BB disrupted crystallization at low incorporations, significantly lowering the melting transition temperature (>50 °C) in each series. The LC properties were less impacted due to the biphenyl structure resulting in LC glasses with wide mesogenic windows. Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) further demonstrated the tunable nature of the thermomechanical properties resulting from the (co)polymerization of these isomers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-133
Number of pages9
JournalPolymer
Volume163
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Keywords

  • Copolymerization
  • Liquid-crystal
  • Polyester

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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