Tailoring polyacrylonitrile interfacial morphological structure by crystallization in the presence of single-wall carbon nanotubes

Yiying Zhang, Kenan Song, Jiangsha Meng, Marilyn L. Minus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

In order to improve stress transfer between polymer matrixes and nanofillers, controlling the structure development in the interphase region during composite processing is a necessity. For polyacrylonitrile (PAN)/single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT) composites, the formation of the PAN interphase in the presence of the SWNT as a function of processing conditions is studied. Under these conditions, three distinct interfacial coating morphologies of PAN are observed on SWNT. In the semidilute polymer concentration regime subjected to shearing, PAN extended-chain tubular coatings are formed on SWNT. Dilute PAN/SWNT quiescent solutions subjected to cooling yields hybrid periodic shish-kebab structures (first observation for PAN polymer), and dilute PAN/SWNT quiescent solutions subjected to rapid cooling results in the formation of an irregular PAN crystalline coating on the SWNT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)807-814
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 13 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • SWNT
  • crystallization
  • extended-chain
  • interphase
  • polyacrylonitrile
  • shish-kebab

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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