Systematic desensitization: distribution of practice and symptom substitution*

Richard I. Lanyon, Martin Manosevitz, Ruth R. Imber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Six spider-fearing female undergraduates were given relaxation training plus systematic desensitization with 2-3 treatment sessions per week (Group S: spaced practice); 6 were treated in the same manner but with sessions several times a day (Group M: massed practice); and 5 were given relaxation training plus 2-3 "placebo" sessions a week (Group P: placebo). Groups S and M both showed a relative reduction in spider fear, and appeared to maintain it over a variable follow-up period. Group S showed a decrease in general anxiety but Group M did not. A 3-level self-report stimulus generalization scale was constructed by identifying fears judged highly similar, slightly similar, and dissimilar to spider fear. Treated Ss showed fear reduction at all levels when compared to untreated non-fearful control Ss, providing evidence against the "symptom substitution" hypothesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-329
Number of pages7
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
Volume6
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1968
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Spiders
Fear
Stimulus Generalization
Placebos
Self Report
Anxiety
Practice (Psychology)
Psychologic Desensitization
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Lanyon, R. I., Manosevitz, M., & Imber, R. R. (1968). Systematic desensitization: distribution of practice and symptom substitution*. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 6(3), 323-329.

Systematic desensitization : distribution of practice and symptom substitution*. / Lanyon, Richard I.; Manosevitz, Martin; Imber, Ruth R.

In: Behaviour Research and Therapy, Vol. 6, No. 3, 08.1968, p. 323-329.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lanyon, RI, Manosevitz, M & Imber, RR 1968, 'Systematic desensitization: distribution of practice and symptom substitution*', Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 323-329.
Lanyon, Richard I. ; Manosevitz, Martin ; Imber, Ruth R. / Systematic desensitization : distribution of practice and symptom substitution*. In: Behaviour Research and Therapy. 1968 ; Vol. 6, No. 3. pp. 323-329.
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