Systematic coarse-graining of semicrystalline polyethylene

Yiyang Li, Vipin Agrawal, Jay Oswald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In an effort to accelerate simulations exploring deformation mechanisms in semicrystalline polymers, we have created structure-based coarse-grained (CG) models of polyethylene and evaluated the extent to which they can simultaneously represent its amorphous and crystalline phases. Two CG models were calibrated from target data sampled from atomistic simulations of supercooled oligomer melts that differ in how accurately they represent the distribution of bond lengths between CG sites. Both models yield semicrystalline morphology when simulations are performed at ambient conditions, and both accurately predict the glass transition and melt temperatures. A thorough evaluation of the models was then conducted to assess how well they represent various properties of the amorphous and crystalline phases. We found that the model that more faithfully reproduces the target bond length distribution poorly represents the crystalline phase, which results from its inability to reproduce correlations in the structural distributions. The second model, which utilizes a harmonic bond potential and thus reproduces the target bond length distribution less accurately, represents the structure and chain mobility within the crystalline phase more realistically. Furthermore, the latter model more faithfully reproduces the vastly different relaxation timescales of the phases, a critical feature for modeling deformation mechanisms in semicrystalline polymers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-342
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume57
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2019

Fingerprint

Polyethylene
Polyethylenes
polyethylenes
Bond length
Crystalline materials
Polymers
simulation
polymers
oligomers
Oligomers
glass transition temperature
Glass transition
harmonics
evaluation

Keywords

  • coarse-graining
  • computer modeling
  • crystal structures
  • molecular dynamics
  • relaxation
  • relaxation timescales
  • semicrystalline polymer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Systematic coarse-graining of semicrystalline polyethylene. / Li, Yiyang; Agrawal, Vipin; Oswald, Jay.

In: Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics, Vol. 57, No. 6, 15.03.2019, p. 331-342.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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