System for observing staff promotion of activity and nutrition (SOSPAN)

R. Glenn Weaver, Michael W. Beets, Collin Webster, Jennifer Huberty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Frontline-staff are critical to achieving policies related to child physical activity and nutrition (PAaN) in out-of-school-time programs (OSTP). Recent policies call upon staff to demonstrate behaviors related to PAaN. Currently, no instrument exists to measure these behaviors. This study fills the gap between policy mandates and staff behaviors by describing the development of the System for Observing Staff Promotion of Activity and Nutrition (SOSPAN) in OSTP. Methods: SOSPAN items were aligned with existing OSTP policies. Reliability and validity data of SOSPAN were collected across 8 OSTP: 4 summer day camps and 4 afterschool programs. Validity of SOSPAN staff behaviors/management of PA was established using the percent of children active measured concurrently via direct observation. Results: A total of 6437 scans were performed. Interrater percent agreement ranged from 74%-99% across PAaN behaviors. Children's activity was associated with staff facilitative behaviors/management, such as playing with the children and providing 2 or more activities for children to choose, while prohibitive behaviors/management, such as waiting in line were related to increased sedentary behavior. Staff nutrition behaviors were observed in less than 0.6% of scans. Conclusion: SOSPAN is a reliable and valid tool to assess staff behaviors/management of PAaN in OSTPs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-185
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Exercise
Information Systems
Reproducibility of Results
Observation

Keywords

  • Children
  • Intervention
  • Obesity
  • Out-of-school-time
  • Policy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

System for observing staff promotion of activity and nutrition (SOSPAN). / Weaver, R. Glenn; Beets, Michael W.; Webster, Collin; Huberty, Jennifer.

In: Journal of Physical Activity and Health, Vol. 11, No. 1, 01.2014, p. 173-185.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Weaver, R. Glenn ; Beets, Michael W. ; Webster, Collin ; Huberty, Jennifer. / System for observing staff promotion of activity and nutrition (SOSPAN). In: Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2014 ; Vol. 11, No. 1. pp. 173-185.
@article{8d2d2053ca894b888832e35e1470e799,
title = "System for observing staff promotion of activity and nutrition (SOSPAN)",
abstract = "Background: Frontline-staff are critical to achieving policies related to child physical activity and nutrition (PAaN) in out-of-school-time programs (OSTP). Recent policies call upon staff to demonstrate behaviors related to PAaN. Currently, no instrument exists to measure these behaviors. This study fills the gap between policy mandates and staff behaviors by describing the development of the System for Observing Staff Promotion of Activity and Nutrition (SOSPAN) in OSTP. Methods: SOSPAN items were aligned with existing OSTP policies. Reliability and validity data of SOSPAN were collected across 8 OSTP: 4 summer day camps and 4 afterschool programs. Validity of SOSPAN staff behaviors/management of PA was established using the percent of children active measured concurrently via direct observation. Results: A total of 6437 scans were performed. Interrater percent agreement ranged from 74{\%}-99{\%} across PAaN behaviors. Children's activity was associated with staff facilitative behaviors/management, such as playing with the children and providing 2 or more activities for children to choose, while prohibitive behaviors/management, such as waiting in line were related to increased sedentary behavior. Staff nutrition behaviors were observed in less than 0.6{\%} of scans. Conclusion: SOSPAN is a reliable and valid tool to assess staff behaviors/management of PAaN in OSTPs.",
keywords = "Children, Intervention, Obesity, Out-of-school-time, Policy",
author = "Weaver, {R. Glenn} and Beets, {Michael W.} and Collin Webster and Jennifer Huberty",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1123/jpah.2012-0007",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "11",
pages = "173--185",
journal = "Journal of Physical Activity and Health",
issn = "1543-3080",
publisher = "Human Kinetics Publishers Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - System for observing staff promotion of activity and nutrition (SOSPAN)

AU - Weaver, R. Glenn

AU - Beets, Michael W.

AU - Webster, Collin

AU - Huberty, Jennifer

PY - 2014/1

Y1 - 2014/1

N2 - Background: Frontline-staff are critical to achieving policies related to child physical activity and nutrition (PAaN) in out-of-school-time programs (OSTP). Recent policies call upon staff to demonstrate behaviors related to PAaN. Currently, no instrument exists to measure these behaviors. This study fills the gap between policy mandates and staff behaviors by describing the development of the System for Observing Staff Promotion of Activity and Nutrition (SOSPAN) in OSTP. Methods: SOSPAN items were aligned with existing OSTP policies. Reliability and validity data of SOSPAN were collected across 8 OSTP: 4 summer day camps and 4 afterschool programs. Validity of SOSPAN staff behaviors/management of PA was established using the percent of children active measured concurrently via direct observation. Results: A total of 6437 scans were performed. Interrater percent agreement ranged from 74%-99% across PAaN behaviors. Children's activity was associated with staff facilitative behaviors/management, such as playing with the children and providing 2 or more activities for children to choose, while prohibitive behaviors/management, such as waiting in line were related to increased sedentary behavior. Staff nutrition behaviors were observed in less than 0.6% of scans. Conclusion: SOSPAN is a reliable and valid tool to assess staff behaviors/management of PAaN in OSTPs.

AB - Background: Frontline-staff are critical to achieving policies related to child physical activity and nutrition (PAaN) in out-of-school-time programs (OSTP). Recent policies call upon staff to demonstrate behaviors related to PAaN. Currently, no instrument exists to measure these behaviors. This study fills the gap between policy mandates and staff behaviors by describing the development of the System for Observing Staff Promotion of Activity and Nutrition (SOSPAN) in OSTP. Methods: SOSPAN items were aligned with existing OSTP policies. Reliability and validity data of SOSPAN were collected across 8 OSTP: 4 summer day camps and 4 afterschool programs. Validity of SOSPAN staff behaviors/management of PA was established using the percent of children active measured concurrently via direct observation. Results: A total of 6437 scans were performed. Interrater percent agreement ranged from 74%-99% across PAaN behaviors. Children's activity was associated with staff facilitative behaviors/management, such as playing with the children and providing 2 or more activities for children to choose, while prohibitive behaviors/management, such as waiting in line were related to increased sedentary behavior. Staff nutrition behaviors were observed in less than 0.6% of scans. Conclusion: SOSPAN is a reliable and valid tool to assess staff behaviors/management of PAaN in OSTPs.

KW - Children

KW - Intervention

KW - Obesity

KW - Out-of-school-time

KW - Policy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84893048106&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84893048106&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1123/jpah.2012-0007

DO - 10.1123/jpah.2012-0007

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 173

EP - 185

JO - Journal of Physical Activity and Health

JF - Journal of Physical Activity and Health

SN - 1543-3080

IS - 1

ER -