This unit describes the chemical synthesis of α-L-threofuranosyl nucleic acid (TNA) triphosphates for thymidine (T), guanosine (G), cytidine (C), and the diaminopurine (D) analog of adenosine and their incorporation into TNA oligonucleotides by enzymemediated polymerization of a DNA primer-template complex. Starting from suitably protected threofuranosyl nucleosides, TNA triphosphates are synthesized in a singlepot reaction and purified by ion-exchange and HPLC chromatography. Purified TNA triphosphates are diluted into stock solutions and used as substrates for the synthesis of TNA oligonucleotides. Oligonucleotide synthesis is accomplished using Therminator DNA polymerase, a commercial variant of the 9°N DNA polymerase bearing the A485L mutation.
- Alternative nucleic acids
- Polymerase-mediated primer extension
- Threose nucleic acid (TNA)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry