Synthesis of Porous Carbons with High N-Content from Shrimp Shells for Efficient CO2-Capture and Gas Separation

Fangqi Yang, Jun Wang, Lu Liu, Peixin Zhang, Weikang Yu, Qiang Deng, Zheling Zeng, Shuguang Deng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High N-content porous carbons are successfully synthesized from shrimp-shells as an appropriate solid adsorbent for CO2 capture and CO2/N2 (fuel gas), CO2/CH4 (biogas), and CH4/N2 (coalbed gas) binary mixture separation. The resultant porous carbons exhibited a well-developed pore texture (specific surface area up to 1984.7 m2 g-1, pore volume up to 1.00 cm3 g-1) and a high N-content up to 5.06 wt %. These favorable properties of carbon led to excellent CO2 adsorption capacities of 6.82 and 4.20 mmol g-1 at 1 bar, 273 and 298 K, respectively. The different pore sizes govern the CO2 adsorption at low/high temperatures. Furthermore, superior separation selectivities for binary gas mixture pairs (CO2/N2= 47, CO2/CH4= 8, and CH4/N2= 5, at 298 K and 1 bar) were predicted by the IAST model. The N functionality and pore volume affect the gas-mixture selectivity. The outstanding adsorption and separation performances coupled with effective transient breakthrough behavior make these porous carbons potent adsorbents for commercial applications. This work has developed a promising solution for converting biowastes into a high-value product for environmental and energy applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Carbon
Gases
Gas mixtures
shell
carbon
Binary mixtures
adsorption
gas
Adsorption
Adsorbents
Biofuels
Gas fuels
Biogas
biogas
Specific surface area
Pore size
surface area
Textures
texture
energy

Keywords

  • CO adsorption
  • Gas-mixture separation
  • N-Doped
  • One-pot synthesis
  • Porous carbon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Synthesis of Porous Carbons with High N-Content from Shrimp Shells for Efficient CO2-Capture and Gas Separation. / Yang, Fangqi; Wang, Jun; Liu, Lu; Zhang, Peixin; Yu, Weikang; Deng, Qiang; Zeng, Zheling; Deng, Shuguang.

In: ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Deng, Qiang

AU - Zeng, Zheling

AU - Deng, Shuguang

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AB - High N-content porous carbons are successfully synthesized from shrimp-shells as an appropriate solid adsorbent for CO2 capture and CO2/N2 (fuel gas), CO2/CH4 (biogas), and CH4/N2 (coalbed gas) binary mixture separation. The resultant porous carbons exhibited a well-developed pore texture (specific surface area up to 1984.7 m2 g-1, pore volume up to 1.00 cm3 g-1) and a high N-content up to 5.06 wt %. These favorable properties of carbon led to excellent CO2 adsorption capacities of 6.82 and 4.20 mmol g-1 at 1 bar, 273 and 298 K, respectively. The different pore sizes govern the CO2 adsorption at low/high temperatures. Furthermore, superior separation selectivities for binary gas mixture pairs (CO2/N2= 47, CO2/CH4= 8, and CH4/N2= 5, at 298 K and 1 bar) were predicted by the IAST model. The N functionality and pore volume affect the gas-mixture selectivity. The outstanding adsorption and separation performances coupled with effective transient breakthrough behavior make these porous carbons potent adsorbents for commercial applications. This work has developed a promising solution for converting biowastes into a high-value product for environmental and energy applications.

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