Synthesis, Hardness, and Electronic Properties of Stoichiometric VN and CrN

Shanmin Wang, Xiaohui Yu, Jianzhong Zhang, Liping Wang, Kurt Leinenweber, Duanwei He, Yusheng Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report synthesis of single-crystal VN and CrN through high-pressure ion-exchange reaction routes. The final products are stoichiometric and have crystallite sizes in the range of 50-120 μm. We also prepared VN and TiN crystals using high-pressure sintering of nitride powders. On the basis of single-crystal indentation testing, the determined asymptotic Vickers hardness for TiN, VN, and CrN is 18 (1), 10 (1), and 16 (1) GPa, respectively. The relatively low hardness in VN indicates that the metallic bonding prevails due to the overfilled metallic σ bonds, although the cation-anion covalent hybridization in this compound is much stronger than that in TiN and CrN. All three nitrides are intrinsically excellent metals at ambient pressure. In particular, VN exhibits superconducting transition at Tc ≈ 7.8 K, which is slightly lower than the reported values for nitrogen-deficient or crystalline-disordered samples due to unsuppressed "spin fluctuation" in the well-crystallized stoichiometric VN. The magnetostructural transition in CrN correlates with a metal-metal transition at TN = 240(5) K and is accompanied by a ∼40% drop in electrical resistivity. In addition, more detailed electronic properties are presented with new insights into these nitrides.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-358
Number of pages8
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 6 2016

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Nitrides
Electronic properties
nitrides
hardness
Hardness
synthesis
Metals
electronics
Single crystals
Spin fluctuations
Vickers hardness
single crystals
Crystallite size
indentation
Indentation
Powders
metals
Transition metals
Anions
Cations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Synthesis, Hardness, and Electronic Properties of Stoichiometric VN and CrN. / Wang, Shanmin; Yu, Xiaohui; Zhang, Jianzhong; Wang, Liping; Leinenweber, Kurt; He, Duanwei; Zhao, Yusheng.

In: Crystal Growth and Design, Vol. 16, No. 1, 06.01.2016, p. 351-358.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wang, Shanmin ; Yu, Xiaohui ; Zhang, Jianzhong ; Wang, Liping ; Leinenweber, Kurt ; He, Duanwei ; Zhao, Yusheng. / Synthesis, Hardness, and Electronic Properties of Stoichiometric VN and CrN. In: Crystal Growth and Design. 2016 ; Vol. 16, No. 1. pp. 351-358.
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