Mixed MOF crystals with morphology similar to that of pure MOF-5 and pure MOF-177 were synthesized using two organic solvents: dimethylformamide (DMF) and diethylformamide (DEF). The mixed crystals were characterized with XRD, SEM and TGA for their physical properties and also evaluated for their hydrogen adsorption properties. The XRD and SEM results suggest that the mixed crystals are different from pure MOF-5 and pure MOF-177. The DMF-derived mixed MOF crystals have a slightly higher specific surface area, smaller pore diameter and greater pore volume than those of the DEF-derived crystals, and seem to be a better adsorbent than the DEF-derived crystals, which was confirmed by the higher hydrogen and nitrogen adsorption capacities on the DMF-derived crystals. The hydrogen adsorption capacities on the mixed MOF crystals are lower than those of pure MOF-5 and MOF-177. It was also observed that the hydrogen diffusion time constant increases with hydrogen pressure, and the heat of hydrogen adsorption decreases with adsorbed hydrogen amount on both mixed crystals.
- Mixed crystals
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology