Synthesis and hydrogen permeation properties of ultrathin palladium-silver alloy membranes

V. Jayaraman, Jerry Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

157 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present work focuses on the synthesis and gas permeation properties of ceramic supported ultrathin palladium-silver alloy membranes. PdAg films with a thickness ranging from 250 to 500 nm are coated on the surface of 3 nm pore sol-gel derived γ-alumina support using an RF magnetron sputtering equipment. The coated PdAg membranes exhibit the same composition and phase structure as those of the PdAg foil used as the target in sputter deposition. The hydrogen to nitrogen separation factor of the ultrathin PdAg membrane is 5.7 at 250°C and increases with increasing temperature. Under proper preparation conditions, use of a pinhole-free γ-alumina support is the key to ensure the gas-tightness and high-selectivity of the coated PdAg membranes. A method is demonstrated for studying hydrogen permeation through ultrathin metallic films. Hydrogen permeation data at different hydrogen pressures and temperatures (100-250°C) are reported to examine the mechanism of hydrogen permeation through the ultrathin metallic membranes. The experimental results clearly indicate the dominant role of surface reactions for hydrogen permeation through ultrathin metallic films at low temperatures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-262
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume104
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 31 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Palladium alloys
palladium alloys
Silver alloys
silver alloys
Palladium
Silver
Permeation
Hydrogen
membranes
Membranes
hydrogen
synthesis
Metallic films
Aluminum Oxide
Ultrathin films
Temperature
Alumina
aluminum oxides
Gases
tightness

Keywords

  • Ceramic membrane
  • Hydrogen permeation
  • Metallic membranes
  • Sputter deposition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Filtration and Separation
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Synthesis and hydrogen permeation properties of ultrathin palladium-silver alloy membranes. / Jayaraman, V.; Lin, Jerry.

In: Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 104, No. 3, 31.08.1995, p. 251-262.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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