SV40 large T antigen is not responsible for the loss of STING in 293T cells but can inhibit cGAS-STING interferon induction

Joshua B. Reus, Guillermo S. Trivino-Soto, Lily I. Wu, Kristiana Kokott, Efrem S. Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Several DNA viruses have evolved antagonists to inhibit the cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS)-stimulator of interferon genes (STING) DNA-sensing immune pathway. This includes DNA viral oncogenes that antagonize the cGAS-STING pathway by binding STING through the LxCxE motif. The 293T human cells are widely used in biology studies as they are highly transfectable. While parental 293 cells express high levels of STING, 293T cells lack STING and are unable to induce interferon antiviral responses to cytosolic DNA. Additionally, 293T cells express the SV40 polyomavirus large T antigen (LT) which enhances the replication of transfected DNA plasmids carrying the SV40 origin of replication. Since SV40 LT also encodes the LxCxE motif, the lack of STING expression in 293T cells is commonly assumed to be due to SV40 large T antigen. We find that SV40 LT does not alter exogenously expressed and endogenous levels of STING protein. We show that STING transcription is suppressed in 293T cells but is not driven by SV40. This study also revealed that SV40 LT does indeed inhibit cGAS-STING interferon induction, but through a mechanism distinct from other DNA virus oncogenes. Collectively, these results indicate that while SV40 LT can inhibit cGAS-STING interferon induction, it does so in an unanticipated manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberv12020137
JournalViruses
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • 293T
  • CGAS
  • Interferon
  • Large T antigen
  • STING
  • SV40 polyomavirus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'SV40 large T antigen is not responsible for the loss of STING in 293T cells but can inhibit cGAS-STING interferon induction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this