We report a new surface plasmon resonance (SPR) protein sensor using the Vroman effect for real-time, sensitive and selective detection of protein. The sensor relies on the competitive nature of protein adsorption onto the surface, directly depending upon protein's molecular weight. The sensor uses SPR for highly sensitive biomolecular interactions detection and the Vroman effect for highly selective detection. By using the Vroman effect we bypass having to rely on bio-receptors and their attachment to transducers, a process known to be complex and time-consuming. The protein sensor is microfabricated to perform real-time protein detection using four different proteins including aprotinin (0.65 kDa), lysozyme (14.7 kDa), streptavidine (53 kDa), and isolectin (114 kDa) on three different surfaces, namely a bare-gold surface and two others modified by OH- and COOH-terminated self-assembled monolayer (SAM). The real-time adsorption and displacement of the proteins are observed by SPR and evaluated using an atomic force microscope (AFM). The sensor can distinguish proteins of at least 14.05 kDa in molecular weight and demonstrate a very low false positive rate. The protein detector can be integrated with microfluidic systems to provide extremely sensitive and selective analytical capability.
- Atomic force microscope (AFM)
- Protein sensor
- Self-assembled monolayer (SAM)
- Surface plasmon resonance (SPR)
- Vroman effect
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering