The kinetics of phytohemagglutinin (PHA) response of peripheral blood lymphocytes from chickens infected with oncogenic Marek's disease (MD) virus (MDV) or nononcogenic herpesvirus of turkeys (HVT) was studied with a whole blood microassay. At about 7 days after inoculation, a depression in PHA response was observed in MDV-inoculated resistant line N or susceptible line 72chickens and in HVT-inoculated line 72 chickens. All chickens initially regained their PHA responsiveness. Susceptible chickens that died of MD or developed MD lymphoma in later stages of virus infection showed a second depression in PHA response. No depression was observed in HVT-vaccinated chickens when challenged with MDV. The PHA response of MDV-inoculated chickens that survived MD, HVT-inoculated chickens, and HVT-vaccinated MDV-challenged chickens showed evidence of enhancement. The depression of PHA response was studied and was attributed to the suppressive effect of macrophages on T-cell response, a finding consistent with our previous studies on MDV suppression of PHA response.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases