Support controlled catalytic chemical vapor deposition of carbon nanotubes

Yunyu Wang, Bin Li, Zhiquan Luo, Li Shi, Zhen Yao, Eugene N. Bryan, Robert Nemanich, Paul S. Ho

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNT5) have been grown by catalytical chemical vapor deposition (CCVD) with a thin iron layer as the catalyst. High surface tension metal, tantalum (Ta). and low surface tension, 5i02, have been deposited as the supporting layers before depositing the catalysts. SEM, TEM, STEM and EELS have been used to examine the morphology, structure, and chemical profile of iron nanoparticles and CNTs. The results have shown that the catalyst nanoparticle morphologies were distinctly different on two supports. In particular, Fe nanoparticles on 5i02 were found to follow a Volimer-Weber (VW) growth mode and a Stranski Krastanov (SK) growth mode on Ta. It was also found that CNT growth varied significantly on two supports in terms of morphology, growth rate and growth mode. Dense CNTs were grown on Ta with fast growth rates (> him/mm) and vertical alignment for the iron thicknesses of 1.5-9 nm. In contrast, CNTs grown on 5i02 exhibited a slow growth rate (< 100 nm/mm) with all deposited iron thicknesses, indicating a severe catalyst poisoning. The results suggested that the catalyst morphology in combination with the presence of an iron wetting layer contributed to the enhanced CCVD growth of CNTs on Ta.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings - Low-Dimensional Materials- Synthesis, Assembly, Property Scaling, and Modeling
PublisherMaterials Research Society
Pages1-7
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9781605604237
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
EventLow-Dimensional Materials- Synthesis, Assembly, Property Scaling, and Modeling - 2007 MRS Spring Meeting - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Apr 9 2007Apr 13 2007

Publication series

NameMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
Volume1017
ISSN (Print)0272-9172

Other

OtherLow-Dimensional Materials- Synthesis, Assembly, Property Scaling, and Modeling - 2007 MRS Spring Meeting
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period4/9/074/13/07

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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