We report the superior capacitance of functionalized graphene prepared by controlled reduction of graphene oxide (GO). In a solvothermal method, GO dispersed in dimethylformamide (DMF) was thermally treated at a moderate temperature (150 °C), which allows a fine control of the density of functionalities. Surface functionalities on graphene would enable a high pseudocapacitance, good wetting property, and acceptable electric conductivity. A specific capacitance up to 276 F/g was achieved based on functionalized graphene at a discharge current of 0.1 A/g in a 1 M H2SO4 electrolyte, which is much higher than the benchmark material. The excellent performance of the functionalized graphene signifies the importance of controlling the surface chemistry of graphene-based materials.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films