The authors present a nonimmunocompromised patient who developed refractory fungal (Candida albicans) cholangitis and who subsequently underwent successful orthotopic liver transplantation for progressive destruction of intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts. Liver biopsy specimens showed periductal abscesses, and cholangiograms showed rapidly progressive destruction of intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts. Standard immunosuppressive therapy and perioperative amphotericin B were administered. At 6 months, the patient was clinically well with no evidence of recurrent biliary candidiasis. The authors suggest that orthotopic liver transplantation may be a reasonable therapeutic option for patients with refractory biliary candidiasis.
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