Substitutes for leadership: Effective alternatives to ineffective leadership

Jon P. Howell, David E. Bowen, Peter W. Dorfman, Steven Kerr, Philip M. Podsakoff

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    65 Scopus citations
    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)21-38
    Number of pages18
    JournalOrganizational Dynamics
    Volume19
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Applied Psychology
    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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