Substance Use Pathways Among Female Adolescent Offenders

Vera Lopez, Albert Kopak, Lisa Pasko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study tested a general strain theory (GST) model across two times with an ethnically diverse sample of 184 female adolescent offenders. We tested whether exposure to violence was associated with girls’ emotions and substance use. We found that (a) hostility mediated the relationship between experiencing violence and alcohol use at Time 1; (b) hostility mediated the relationship between witnessing violence and alcohol use at Time 1; and (c) depressive symptoms mediated the relationship between experiencing violence and marijuana use at Time 2. These mediated effects were minimal in magnitude given that that the bivariate relationships between violence exposure and substance use were small or nonsignificant. Exposure to violence was associated with negative emotions across both models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCrime and Delinquency
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

female adolescent
Violence
offender
Hostility
violence
Emotions
Alcohols
Cannabis
emotion
alcohol
Depression
model theory
Exposure to Violence
time

Keywords

  • exposure to violence
  • female adolescent offenders
  • general strain theory
  • pathways theory
  • substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law

Cite this

Substance Use Pathways Among Female Adolescent Offenders. / Lopez, Vera; Kopak, Albert; Pasko, Lisa.

In: Crime and Delinquency, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2608c733267147e897ff55c9c1279dfc,
title = "Substance Use Pathways Among Female Adolescent Offenders",
abstract = "This study tested a general strain theory (GST) model across two times with an ethnically diverse sample of 184 female adolescent offenders. We tested whether exposure to violence was associated with girls’ emotions and substance use. We found that (a) hostility mediated the relationship between experiencing violence and alcohol use at Time 1; (b) hostility mediated the relationship between witnessing violence and alcohol use at Time 1; and (c) depressive symptoms mediated the relationship between experiencing violence and marijuana use at Time 2. These mediated effects were minimal in magnitude given that that the bivariate relationships between violence exposure and substance use were small or nonsignificant. Exposure to violence was associated with negative emotions across both models.",
keywords = "exposure to violence, female adolescent offenders, general strain theory, pathways theory, substance use",
author = "Vera Lopez and Albert Kopak and Lisa Pasko",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0011128718811930",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Crime and Delinquency",
issn = "0011-1287",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Substance Use Pathways Among Female Adolescent Offenders

AU - Lopez, Vera

AU - Kopak, Albert

AU - Pasko, Lisa

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - This study tested a general strain theory (GST) model across two times with an ethnically diverse sample of 184 female adolescent offenders. We tested whether exposure to violence was associated with girls’ emotions and substance use. We found that (a) hostility mediated the relationship between experiencing violence and alcohol use at Time 1; (b) hostility mediated the relationship between witnessing violence and alcohol use at Time 1; and (c) depressive symptoms mediated the relationship between experiencing violence and marijuana use at Time 2. These mediated effects were minimal in magnitude given that that the bivariate relationships between violence exposure and substance use were small or nonsignificant. Exposure to violence was associated with negative emotions across both models.

AB - This study tested a general strain theory (GST) model across two times with an ethnically diverse sample of 184 female adolescent offenders. We tested whether exposure to violence was associated with girls’ emotions and substance use. We found that (a) hostility mediated the relationship between experiencing violence and alcohol use at Time 1; (b) hostility mediated the relationship between witnessing violence and alcohol use at Time 1; and (c) depressive symptoms mediated the relationship between experiencing violence and marijuana use at Time 2. These mediated effects were minimal in magnitude given that that the bivariate relationships between violence exposure and substance use were small or nonsignificant. Exposure to violence was associated with negative emotions across both models.

KW - exposure to violence

KW - female adolescent offenders

KW - general strain theory

KW - pathways theory

KW - substance use

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059686954&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85059686954&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0011128718811930

DO - 10.1177/0011128718811930

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85059686954

JO - Crime and Delinquency

JF - Crime and Delinquency

SN - 0011-1287

ER -