The interaction and mixing of membrane components in sonicated unilamellar vesicles and also non-sonicated multilamellar vesicles prepared from highly purified phospholipids suspended in NaCl solutions has been examined. Electron microscopy and differential scanning calorimetry were used to characterize the extent and kinetics of mixing of membrane components between different vesicle populations. No appreciable fusion was detected between populations of non-sonicated phospholipid vesicles incubated in aqueous salt (NaCl) solutions. Mixing of vesicle membrane components via diffusion of phospholipid molecules between vesicles was observed in populations of negatively charged phosphatidylglycerol vesicles but similar exchange diffusion was not detected in populations of neutral phosphatidylcholine vesicles. Incubation of sonicated vesicle populations at temperatures close to or above the phospholipid transition temperature resulted in an increase in vesicle size and mixing of vesicle membrane components as determined by a gradual change in the thermotropic properties of the mixed vesicle population. The interaction of purified phospholipid vesicles was also examined in the presence of myristic acid and lysolecithin. Our results indicate that while these agents enhance mixing of vesicle membrane components, in most cases mixing probably proceeds via diffusion of phospholipid molecules rather than by fusion of entire vesicles. Increased mixing of vesicle membrane components was also produced when vesicles were prepared containing a purified hydrophobic protein (myelin proteolipid apoprotein) or were incubated in the presence of dimethylsulfoxide. In these two systems, however, the evidence suggests that mixing of membrane components results from the fusion of entire vesicles.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology