Abstract

This paper reports the results of an investigation of the structure-property relationship of vanadium (donor) and scandium (acceptor) doped Ba0.7Sr0.3TiO3. While V doping produces a fully miscible Ba0.7Sr0.3Ti1-xVxO3 alloy, Sc doping results in an inhomogeneous microstructure with grains containing a Sc-doped Ba-rich shell and an undoped Sr-rich core. This results from a solution-precipitation process that works in combination with a thermodynamic driving force for the preferential segregation of Sc into Ba-rich regions. The Curie temperature (Tc) of Ba0.7Sr0.3TiO3 decreases with increasing dopant concentration from a Tc of 40 °C for undoped material to 18 °C for 4 mol.% V and 22 °C for 4 mol.% Sc (i.e., Ba0.7Sr0.3Ti0.96V0.04O3, Ba0.7Sr0.3Ti0.96Sc0.04O3). Sc- and V-doped materials are found to have significantly reduced dielectric constants at their Curie temperature than their undoped counterpart. This is most evident for Sc doping, where a 4 mol.% concentration has a dielectric constant of 1000 at Tc, a factor of 12 times smaller than undoped Ba0.7Sr0.3TiO3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2647-2657
Number of pages11
JournalActa Materialia
Volume55
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2007

Fingerprint

Scandium
Barium strontium titanate
Vanadium
Dielectric properties
Doping (additives)
Curie temperature
Permittivity
Thermodynamics
Microstructure

Keywords

  • Core-shell structure
  • Electroceramics
  • Ferroelectricity
  • Local density approximations
  • Microstructure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

Structure-dielectric property relationship for vanadium- and scandium-doped barium strontium titanate. / Liu, Shaojun; Zenou, V. Y.; Sus, I.; Kotani, T.; van Schilfgaarde, M.; Newman, Nathan.

In: Acta Materialia, Vol. 55, No. 8, 05.2007, p. 2647-2657.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liu, Shaojun ; Zenou, V. Y. ; Sus, I. ; Kotani, T. ; van Schilfgaarde, M. ; Newman, Nathan. / Structure-dielectric property relationship for vanadium- and scandium-doped barium strontium titanate. In: Acta Materialia. 2007 ; Vol. 55, No. 8. pp. 2647-2657.
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