We perform an ab initio modeling of amorphous copper-doped alumina (a-Al2O3:Cu), a prospective memory material based on resistance switching, and study the structural origin of electronic conduction in this material. We generate molecular dynamics based models of a-Al2O3:Cu at various Cu concentrations and study the structural, electronic, and vibrational properties as a function of Cu concentration. Cu atoms show a strong tendency to cluster in the alumina host, and metallize the system by filling the band gap uniformly for higher Cu concentrations. We also study thermal fluctuations of the HOMO-LUMO energy splitting and observe the time evolution of the size of the band gap, which can be expected to have an important impact on the conductivity. We perform a numerical computation of conduction pathways, and show its explicit dependence on Cu connectivity in the host. We present an analysis of ion dynamics and structural aspects of localization of classical normal modes in our models.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)