Structural features of todorokite intergrowths in manganese nodules

Shirley Turner, Malcolm D. Siegel, P R Buseck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The disordered, cryptocrystalline phases that comprise manganese nodules1,2 typically yield broad, diffuse X-ray lines that have led to ambiguity in their identification. Of particular interest is the manganese oxide phase that has been correlated to the presence of copper and nickel in nodules. This host phase has a characteristic X-ray d-spacing of ∼10 Å and has been compared with both a naturally occurring material - todorokite3,4 - and a synthetic phase - buserite5,6. The structures of those phases have been difficult to decipher, but recent work using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) has provided insight into the todorokite7 and buserite8 structures. Using HRTEM results we now show that the nodule 10 Å phase does have the same structure as non-marine todorokite9. In addition, structural imaging shows that both nodule and non-marine todorokite exhibit similar disordering phenomena. A unique feature of the nodule todorokite is its intimate and topotactic intergrowth with a possible double-chain oxide. Its paragenetic relationship to todorokite is not yet determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)841-842
Number of pages2
JournalNature
Volume296
Issue number5860
DOIs
StatePublished - 1982
Externally publishedYes

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Manganese nodules
High resolution transmission electron microscopy
X rays
Manganese
Nickel
Oxides
Copper
Imaging techniques
manganese oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Structural features of todorokite intergrowths in manganese nodules. / Turner, Shirley; Siegel, Malcolm D.; Buseck, P R.

In: Nature, Vol. 296, No. 5860, 1982, p. 841-842.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Turner, Shirley ; Siegel, Malcolm D. ; Buseck, P R. / Structural features of todorokite intergrowths in manganese nodules. In: Nature. 1982 ; Vol. 296, No. 5860. pp. 841-842.
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abstract = "The disordered, cryptocrystalline phases that comprise manganese nodules1,2 typically yield broad, diffuse X-ray lines that have led to ambiguity in their identification. Of particular interest is the manganese oxide phase that has been correlated to the presence of copper and nickel in nodules. This host phase has a characteristic X-ray d-spacing of ∼10 {\AA} and has been compared with both a naturally occurring material - todorokite3,4 - and a synthetic phase - buserite5,6. The structures of those phases have been difficult to decipher, but recent work using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) has provided insight into the todorokite7 and buserite8 structures. Using HRTEM results we now show that the nodule 10 {\AA} phase does have the same structure as non-marine todorokite9. In addition, structural imaging shows that both nodule and non-marine todorokite exhibit similar disordering phenomena. A unique feature of the nodule todorokite is its intimate and topotactic intergrowth with a possible double-chain oxide. Its paragenetic relationship to todorokite is not yet determined.",
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