Structural equivalence of involvement in problem behavior by adolescents across racial groups using multiple group confirmatory factor analysis

James Herbert Williams, Charles D. Ayers, Robert D. Abbott, J. David Hawkins, Richard F. Catalano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Problem behavior theory predicts that adolescent problem behaviors, including illicit drug use, delinquency, juvenile justice involvement, poor school performance, problem drinking, and sexual involvement, are manifestations of a single behavioral syndrome. Some studies have found the theory valid across genders, and this study tested its validity across racial groups. Multiple group confirmatory factor analysis using self-reports of substance use, delinquency, and juvenile justice system involvement tested problem behavior theory for African American and European American adolescents. Results indicate that multiple pathways are necessary to account for the problem behaviors, and they support previous research indicating system response bias in the processing of youths. Intervention and policy implications of these findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-177
Number of pages10
JournalSocial work research
Volume20
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Delinquency
  • Juvenile justice
  • Race
  • Substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

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