Structural Equations Modeling Test of a Turnover Theory: Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Analyses

Peter Hom, Rodger W. Griffeth

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Hom, Griffeth, and Sellaro's (1984) theoretical alternative to Mobley's (1977) turnover model was investigated in two studies. In Study 1, conceptual distinctions among model constructs and operationalizations of those constructs were validated. 206 nurses were surveyed, and constructs were assessed with multiple indicators. Although discriminating most constructs, structural equation modeling (SEM) identified a more parsimonious conceptualization in which a general construct underlies withdrawal cognitions. Other SEM analyses supported the indicators' construct validity and Hom et al.'s structural network. In Study 2, a longitudinal analogue of Hom et al.'s model was tested. A survey of 129 new nurses measured model constructs on three occasions. SEM disclosed that some causal effects in this model materialized contemporaneously, whereas others emerged after a lengthy time. Moreover, these causal effects systematically changed during newcomer assimilation. Implications for future research of turnover models are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)350-366
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1991


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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